Meaning of power waveform to actual plating quality:
For copper or nickel plating, power ripple rate has little negative impact on plating quality; however, it has positive effect on some plating, such as acid copper, which can improve the throwing capability, but for certain types of plating, the ripple rate will directly affect the plating quality, such as hard chrome plating, if the power ripple rate exceeds 5%, it will affect the plating quality, resulting in low plating hardness, poor throwing, slow deposition, high pinhole rate, fewer cracks and other quality defects.
HELL 4K 8K 120 130 Engraving Stylus
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Roto Gravure Roller Silicon Carbide Grinding Wheel Grinding Stone Type D
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